Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel information

The Cocker Spaniel breed originated from Spain. They were brought to the UK for trade or came along with their owners. Later on, the breed took the name of English Cocker Spaniel.

Cocker Spaniels are hunting dogs. They were used by hunters to find birds and flush them into the air. The hunter would then shoot the bird and the Cocker Spaniel will retrieve the prey. In the 1970s, breeders started to breed Cocker Spaniel without a proper selection. Back then, the English Cocker Spaniel breed was so popular that many unscrupulous breeders bred their dogs too regularly and did not pay much attention to their health. A lot of Cocker Spaniels were inbred. On top of that, Cocker Spaniel puppies were taken from their mother way too early. As a result, their lack of socialization was source of many behavior problems. Nowadays, most breeders select their dogs more conscientiously.

Cocker Spaniel characteristics

Cocker Spaniels measure between 13.50 to 15.50 inches and weight between 12 to 14 Kilos. They have a long-haired coat which needs regular maintenance. It is recommended to brush your Cocker Spaniel after every walk so that his hair do not get too tangled up. The colors of the coat are red, chocolate, golden and black. The white color should only be appear on the chest of the dog.

Cocker Spaniel temperament

Cocker Spaniels are usually good family pets. They are very attached to their owners and like to follow them everywhere. They need a lot of attention from their owners and they can never get enough cuddles. They are very lively dogs and love to play. They are good around children and are happy taking part on their adventures.

As most hunting dogs, Cocker Spaniels can be stubborn. It is therefore important not to give up and give them a good training.

Cocker Spaniel training

A good training is the key to a smooth relationship between a dog and his owner. As with all dogs, it is easier to train Cocker Spaniel puppies. When bringing a puppy Cocker Spaniel home, it is important to set rules so that he does not try to dominate you later on. The Cocker Spaniel breed is known to be very stubborn and if the owner gives a chance to his dog to become the pack leader, he will take this position.

The playful character of the Cocker Spaniel makes him easy to train. He is eager to learn new commands and to please his owner. Cocker Spaniels love food also positive reinforcement techniques usually give good training results. Cocker Spaniel training requires patience and firmness from his owner. As most working dogs, Cocker Spaniels like challenges and usually perform well in agility classes.

Cocker Spaniel food habits

Cocker Spaniels often swallow their food. Owners should be careful not to overfeed them as it can lead to obesity. They usually do well on dry food but some owners prefer to feed them with homemade food. When feeding a dog with homemade food, it is very important to evaluate the needs of the dog according to his level of activity. It is recommended for new owners to seek professional advice from a vet or to discuss the Cocker Spaniel diet with the breeder.

Cocker Spaniel health

The big floppy ears of the Cocker Spaniel make them more sensible to germs. In order to avoid infections, it is important to check their ears regularly.

The eyes of the Cocker Spaniel should be cleaned up with physiological saline to avoid infections.It is important that the Cocker Spaniel puppy get used to having his eyes and ears checked regularly so that he does not get frighten when his owner has to clean them up.

The Cocker Spaniel is prone to some genetic diseases like:

Cocker Spaniel pictures