Maltese

Maltese description

It has been established that Maltese ancestors are related to the Tibetan Terrier. We believe the Maltese ancestors originated from Asia and were introduced to Europe with the migration of nomads. They were primarily bred to hunt rodents in ports and ship's holds. The Maltese breed probably comes from the breeding of Maltese ancestors with Spitz dog breeds. Breeders soon realized that smaller subjects, referred as toy dogs were mostly favoured by aristocrats. Subsequently, they took great importance in selecting dogs meeting the size requirement before breeding. Aristocrats and especially women, enjoyed the presence of their little companions and often carried them along with them.


Maltese were first imported to England during the reign of Henry the VIII where they became the favoured companions of wealthy women. By the middle of the 19th century, the Maltese breed was well established in the UK.

Maltese characteristics

A Maltese measures between 8 to 10 inches and weighs from 2 to 3 kilos. It has a long haired glossy coat. The tone of hair is white.


Maltese grooming

The Maltese hair should be brushed and combed regularly. This will prevent tangles from occurring. It is strongly advised to get the Maltese puppy used to this procedure. Older dogs will need to have their hair trimmed to avoid dirt accumulating on their legs.


The hair around the eyes should be tied up and the eyes should be cleaned regularly to prevent infections. Furthermore, the hair around the dog's mouth should be cleaned with dry shampoo after every meal to avoid residues forming in the hair.


It is recommended to wash the Maltese's hair on average every two weeks. Dog shampoo for white hair should be applied onto the dog's coat to help maintain a white and shiny gloss. Applying a hair conditioner will also help untangling the hair.


Maltese temperament

The Maltese is a good and faithful companion. He is very attached to his owners and does not like to be left alone. An early training is recommended to avoid your Maltese suffering from separation anxiety.


At home, he is a very lively dog who is craving for interactions with his owners. By nature playful, he will enjoy taking part in agility classes. As with most dogs though, he does not like to be teased. His small size makes him more likely to being unintentionally hurt. He is, therefore, more suited for families with older children.


Maltese training

The Maltese breed is said to be very intelligent and eager to please. Subsequently, Maltese puppies should not be difficult to train. Nevertheless, it is important not to pamper or overwhelm the Maltese puppy as it might make him unbalanced. As for other dogs, it is important that the Maltese understands the hierarchy of the household.


Maltese food habits

Maltese have sensitive teeth also it is recommended to feed them with high quality dry food.


Maltese health

With a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Maltese breed is a healthy dog breed. However, there are a few health issues that can affect your dog such as:



Maltese are sensible to extreme weather conditions. In summer, the dog should not be left for too long outside as the skin on his back is exposed to direct sunlight. Moreover, Maltese should be kept away from damp places as such these environments can consequently lead to respiratory problems.


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