Saint-Bernard

Saint Bernard information

The Saint-Bernard was raised by monks in the Saint Bernardine Hospice. The Saint Bernardine hostice was located at 2469m altitude in the Alps, in Switzerland, and was used to welcome travellers. Thus, the Saint-Bernard dogs were used for protection and as guard dogs. Later on, Saint-Bernards were used to escort travellers in the mountains but also to look for missing people and rescue them.

In the 19th century, Saint-Bernards became famous in Europe thanks to the French soldiers who had witnessed these dogs in action and reported many stories about them.


Saint Bernard characteristics

The size of the Saint Bernard varies between 24 to 28 inches and weighs between 50 to 91 Kilos. The Saint-Bernard can have a short or long haired coat which can be of three different colours: orange, Brown brindle and red brindle.


Saint Bernard temperament

Saint Bernards are known to be very friendly and loyal companions. Unlike other mountain dogs, the Saint Bernard is very attached to his owner and does not like to be left alone. He is also good around children.

Saint Bernard puppies are very active but, once adult, make very calm companions.


Saint Bernard training

Saint Bernard puppies can be very stubborn, also owners should remain calm and patient with them. They will try to test their owners and disobey. It is only by giving them a gentle but strict training that the owner will be able to gain the confidence of his dog and establish himself as the pack leader.

Socialization is also to be taken into consideration when training a Saint Bernard as the breed can be wary around strangers. It is, therefore, necessary to bring your puppy to places where he will meet people and also to get him familiarized with different situations. A grown up Saint Bernard suffering from a lack of socialization can be hard to handle because of its large size and aggressive behaviour towards strangers.

As a result, Saint Bernards are more suitable for experienced owners.


Saint Bernard food habits

Feeding a Saint Bernard is costly as this dog requires a large quantity of food and a good quality aliment.

A Saint Bernard will reach its adult size at about 3 years. During these 3 years, it is important to feed the puppy with a good quality aliment. Feeding the puppy with a good quality aliment will have a positive effect on his bone structure and health. Once a Saint Bernard reaches the size of an adult, he will require a large quantity of food. The dog's diet is a very important element in the well-being of your Saint Bernard as it helps in preventing him from orthopaedic problems.

It is also recommended to feed the dog twice or three times daily to avoid gastric torsion.


Saint Bernard Health

The life expectancy of a Saint Bernard varies from 8 to 10 years.

There are some common health concerns within the breed like: